CRSU B.ed syllabus 2018

Unit-1 Development of Child at different Stages (Childhood and Adolescence)

• Concept, Meaning and general principles of Growth and development. Stages ofdevelopment—growth and development across various stages from infancy toadolescence. (Physical, intellectual, social and moral development.)

• Piaget’s concept of cognitive development
• Kohlberg’s theory of moral development
• Erikson’s psycho-social development theory
• Factors affecting Growth and development
• Relative role of heredity and environment in development.
• Concept of growth and maturation
• Parenting styles: influencing developmental aspects of childhood and adolescence.
• Impact of Media on growing children and adolescents: deconstruction of significantevents that media highlights and creates.

UNIT- 2 Understanding Individual Difference

• Concept of individual difference, Factors influencing individual difference, Educational implications of individual differences for teachers in organizing educational activities.

• Dimensions of differences in psychological attributes-cognitive, interest, aptitude,creativity, personality and values.

• Understanding individual from multiple intelligences perspective witha focus onGardrner's theory of multiple intelligences. Implications for teaching-learning

• Understanding differences based on a range of cognitive abilities—learning difficulties, slow learners and dyslexics, intellectual deficiency, intellectual giftedness. Implications for catering to individual variations in view of ‘difference’ rather than ‘deficit’ perspective.

• Methods and Ways to understand Children’s and Adolescents’ Behaviour: Gathering dataabout children from different contexts: naturalistic observations; interviews; reflective journals about children; anecdotal records and narratives

• Meaning, characteristics and kinds of Play; Play and its functions: linkages with thephysical, social, emotional, cognitive.

• Games and group dynamics, rules of games and how children learn to negotiatedifferences and resolve conflict.

UNIT-3 Theoretical Perspectives to enhance Learning among Children and Adolescents

• Learning: Meaning, implicit knowledge and beliefs.

• Perspective on Human Learning: connectionists or Behaviorist (Thorndike, Classical and Operant Conditioning)

• Cognitivist (Insightful learning, Tolman’sSign learning theory) Constructivism

• Bruner’s discovery learning:

• Concepts and principles of each perspective and their applicability in different learningsituations.

• Relevance and applicability of various theories of learning for different kinds of learning situations.

• Role of learner in various learning situations as seen in different theoretical perspectives.

• Role of teacher in teaching learning situations.

UNIT-4 Deprivation and Deprived Children: Measures for their Adjustment and Education

• Current issues related to adolescents stress and role of the teacher (Increasing loneliness, changing family structures and rising permissiveness)

• Issues in marginalization of difference and diversity

• Children living in urban slum, socially deprived girls: measures to bring improvement in their status

• Child rearing practices of children separated from parents practices of children’sseparatedchildren in crèches; children in orphanages

• Schooling: peer influences, school culture, relationships with teachers, teacherexpectations and school achievement; being out of school, overage learner

• Understanding needs and behavioral problems of children and adolescents: Relationships with peers: friendships and gender; competition and cooperation, competition and conflict; aggression and bullying from early childhood to adolescence substance abuse, drugaddiction,

• Impact of globalization, urbanization and economic changes on construction andexperience of children in childhood and adolescent age.

Tasks & Assignments: Any one of the following (10 marks)

• Administer any two of the following Psychological Tests and prepare a report on it:
a. Intelligence Test
b. Personality Test
c. Self-Concept Questionnaire/ Inventory
d. Creativity
e. Learning Style Inventory
f. Parenting Style Inventory
g. Interest Test
h. Teaching Attitude
• Conduct a case study on a problematic Child (M.R, L.D, V.I, H.I, disruptive behavior anddelinquent child etc.) and prepare a report on it.
• Prepare an observation schedule and observe the behavior of child in school setting.
• Prepare a survey report on “How media is affecting the behavior of growing child” on a group of Ten Children of age 6-14 years in terms of enhancing violence and developmental aspects of childhood. (The survey should be based on the collection of the data using a questionnaire).
• Any other task/assignment given by the institution.

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